Erhard, Werner and Jensen, Michael C and Echeverria, Jeri and Carr, Sandra
Workshop Materials For: Creating Course Leaders Workshop 1: Mastering the Effective Delivery of the Slides For: Being a Leader and the Effective Exercise of Leadership: An Ontological / Phenomenological Model (11/30/2016).
Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 11-002; Barbados Group Working Paper No. 10-11; Simon Business School Working Paper No. FR-10-31.
Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2689975 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2689975
From "Unconscious Determinants of Free Decisions in the Human Brain" by Siong Soon, Brass, Heinze, and Haynes (2008) - published in the journal Nature Neuroscience:
"There has been a long controversy as to whether subjectively 'free' decisions are determined by brain activity ahead of time. We found that the outcome of a decision can be encoded in brain activity of prefrontal and parietal cortex up to 10 s before it [the decision to act] enters awareness." (p.543)
Siong Soon, Chun, Marcel Brass, Hans-Jochen Heinze, and John-Dylan Haynes. 2008. "Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain". Nature Neuroscience 11, 5: 543-545.
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